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地铁轨道交通沙盘模型设计制作经验分享
(时间:2020/1/10 12:34:26)
地铁轨道交通沙盘模型
也许你见过很多地产开发商售楼中心的大型小区沙盘,但是当普通沙盘模型运用智能硬件,你才能看到独一无二的创造力。所有人以为这样的智能控制的沙盘模型制作是很容易的,其实是模型公司专业的设计制作人员一点点的制作出来,这期间制作方式是有多复杂。
 地铁轨道交通沙盘模型制作布局设计(推荐阅读:杭州景文模型公司)
自己动手做沙盘的第一步十分关键,你需要在脑海中构建出你想做一个什么样的沙盘模型,比如这里要建造一个地铁轨道交通沙盘模型,要考虑轨道的走向、道岔(是否需要地铁轨道交通转向)的设置、草坪、道路、停留的站点等。制作前景文模型公司的设计人员先绘制草图,手绘还是3D建模,对于景文模型公司的专业人员来说那都不是事!需要先确定好制作材料,如制作地铁轨道交通沙盘模型需要准备木质底盘和沙盘表面的装饰品、轨道、石膏粉、乳胶、草粉等其他配件。
 轨道地形铺设
地铁轨道交通沙盘模型采用的是原先设计好的比例轨道合金材质,按照设计好的形状把轨道铺设好,用钉子把轨道固定住。再来是建设地形,把石膏粉调匀,填入预先设计好的道路范围内,等石膏自然风干即可。接下来,把塑形布蘸水之后铺在道路之外的部分,这一步是为了接下来的草坪“打地基”的一个铺垫。注意把后面要加入的池塘、车站、绿植等位置算好,因等石膏风干后将无法进行更改。注意在操作的过程中。切忌不要让石膏和塑形布弄脏了轨道,因为石膏等杂质粘在轨道上清理起来很费时间,还会影响地铁轨道交通正常运行。
 着色与装饰
往草坪加草粉,在道路上铺上沥青,然后将绿植、座椅、小人、车站、房子加入其中。这样就沙盘模型做好了。
 电路控制设计
灯光和车辆运行可用最简单的电路控制,在沙盘模型加入新创意创意有:人来车就跑、用嘴吹着车就跑。想实现人来车就跑,需要准备以下硬件:
a.安装传感器                            
b.人体红外传感器检测是否有人靠近,有人靠近时指示灯亮,火车开动起来;没人时指示灯灭。
c.通过一组拨动开关控制灯光和火车运行,每个开关有3挡(上、中、下)。
接下来通过完成对地铁轨道交通的控制。控制小火车动力控制、方向控制、速度控制、人体红外感应。人体红外传感器功能可实现了有人经过小火车身边时,火车就会开动起来。
Maybe you've seen a lot of sandbox in the sales center of real estate developers, but when the ordinary sandbox model uses intelligent hardware, you can see the unique creativity. Everyone thinks it's easy to make such an intelligent controlled sand table model. In fact, the professional design and production personnel of the model company make it a little bit. How complicated is the production method during this period.
Production and layout design of sand table model of Metro Rail Transit (recommended reading: Hangzhou Jingwen model company)
The first step of making sand table by yourself is very important. You need to build a sand table model in your mind. For example, to build a sand table model of metro rail transit, you need to consider the direction of the track, the setting of turnouts (whether to need metro rail transit steering), lawn, roads, stops, etc. The designers of foreground model company draw sketches first, hand drawing or 3D modeling, which is not a problem for the professionals of Jingwen model company! It is necessary to determine the materials first, for example, to make the sand table model of metro rail transit, it is necessary to prepare the decorations, tracks, gypsum powder, latex, grass powder and other accessories on the wooden chassis and sand table surface.
Track terrain laying
The sand table model of metro rail transit adopts the original designed proportional rail alloy material. The rail is laid according to the designed shape and fixed with nails. The second is to build the terrain, mix the gypsum powder, fill in the pre-designed road range, and wait for the gypsum to dry naturally. Next, dip the plastic cloth in the water and lay it outside the road. This step is to lay a foundation for the next lawn. Pay attention to calculate the positions of ponds, stations and green plants to be added at the back, because they cannot be changed after the gypsum is dried. Pay attention to the process of operation. Do not let gypsum and plastic cloth stain the track, because it takes a lot of time to clean up gypsum and other impurities on the track, which will also affect the normal operation of metro rail transit.
Coloring and decoration
Add grass powder to the lawn, pave asphalt on the road, and then add green plants, seats, villains, stations and houses. So the sand table model is ready.
Circuit control design
Lighting and vehicle operation can be controlled by the simplest circuit. New creative ideas are added to the sand table model: people come to the car and run, blowing the car with their mouth. In order to achieve the goal of running when people come to the car, the following hardware needs to be prepared:
a. Installing sensor
b. The infrared sensor of human body detects whether someone is near. When someone is near, the indicator light is on, and the train starts to move; when nobody is near, the indicator light is off.
c. Through a set of toggle switches to control the light and train operation, each switch has three gears (up, middle and down).
Then through the completion of the control of metro rail transit. Control small train power control, direction control, speed control, infrared induction of human body. The function of human body infrared sensor can realize that when someone passes by a small train, the train will start.
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